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coat of arms

Principality of Birkenfeld
( Exclave of the Grand duchy of Oldenburg )

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Contents:


General Information

Description

  • Introduction
    Following the Napoleonic Wars, a regulation from the victorious Congress of Vienna decreed that Prussia must separate from its newly-acquired Rhineland in the formerly French Saardepartement, a territory of 69,000 souls, including the principalities of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Saxe-Coburg, Hesse-Homburg, Pappenheim and Oldenburg. Mecklenburg and Pappenheim wanted monetary compensation. In the year 1834, the lord of Saxe-Coburg sold his territory (today the county of St. Wendel) to Prussia, which also annexed the region of Meisenheim in the year 1866 from Hesse-Homburg. Only Birkenfeld remained to Oldenburg, doing so until 1937. In memory of its time with the dukes of Palatine-Birkenfeld, the city remained as residence of the government.

Birkenfeld and his neighbourhood in the year 1818

= Reign of  Meisenheim  ( belongs to Landgraviate Hesse-Homburg )
  = Principality of Lichtenberg ( belongs to Saxe-Coburg-Gotha ) 
= Principality of Birkenfeld    ( belongs to Grand duchy of  Oldenburg )     

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Genealogical and Historical Societies

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Genealogical and Historical Records

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Gazetteers and Maps

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Bibliography

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Archives and Libraries

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Predecessor States, Historical Geographic Regions

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Miscellaneous Subjects

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Other Resources (including Internet)

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Letzte Änderung/Last update: 25-Jul-2000 (DK)

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