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Chronology of Lippe
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First reference to the settlement Theotmelli, later Detmold.
First reference to the future town of Horn.
First reference to the future town of Oerlinghausen.
First reference to Uflon (the later Salzuflen) as well as to a salt deposit.
First reference to Lemgo as a settlement.
Foundation of the town of Lippe, today Lippstadt.
Lippe receives the Herrschaft Rheda through marriage.
Foundation of the town of Lemgo by Edelherr Bernhard II. zur Lippe.
Foundation of Falkenberg.
The town of Lippe/Lippstadt receives the status of a town.
Salzuflen belongs to the Earls von Sternberg, a sideline of the Earls of
The Bishop of Paderborn appoints Lemgo as seat of an Archdeacon.
The line of the Earls of Sternberg separates from the Earls of Schwalenberg
Bernhard III. confirms Lemgo's status of a town.
Foundation of the Zisterzienser-monastery Falkenhagen by Earl Volkwin zu
First reference to the town of Blomberg in a document.
Construction of the Neustadt (new town) of Lemgo.
The town of Lemgo is mentioned as member of the Hanse for the first
Foundation of the town of Detmold by Bernhard III. Edelherr zur Lippe.
First reference to the castle Brake near Lippe (Lippstadt).
Simon I. founds the monastery St. Marien in Lemgo. The order of the Augustiner
came from Lahde near Minden.
The Augustiner-nunnery there was founded on 01.01.1265. By request of Simon
I. zur Lippe the bishops Gottfried von Minden and Otto von Paderborn gave
their permission 1305 and 1306 for moving from Lahde to the church St. Marien
in Lemgo. In 1715, the monastery receives a status of a religious establishment
with an abbess out of the House zur Lippe.
The town of Lippe/Lippstadt burns down.
Simon I. zur Lippe acquires a part of Schwalenberg.
The Amt Schwalenberg is as Samtamt in the possession of Lippe and the Prince
Bishopric Paderborn (Hochstift) together with the Ämter Oldenburg and
The castle of Horn is rebuilt.
Pestilence epidemic in Lippe.
After the line of the Earls of Schwalenberg becomes extinct, now Lippe receives
3/4 of Schwalenberg, the rest comes to the Hochstift Paderborn. Schwalenberg
is in the possession of Lippe and Paderborn.
Detmold receives municipal rights.
The Herrschaft Rheda falls back to Tecklenburg.
1366 (or 1350)
First reference to the castle of Detmold.
The town of Lippe/Lippstadt is pawned to the Dukes of Kleve, reason of the
future common reign of Lippe and Kleve-Mark.
Simon III. decrees that only one ruler rules the country, namely the first-born
The Earls of Sternberg (Heinrich zu Sternberg) sell the Grafschaft (county)
Sternberg to the Earls of Schaumburg, who pawned it to Lippe in 1400/05.
Barntrup receives the status of a town by Earl Heinrich zu Sternberg.
The Grafschaften (counties) Schwalenberg and Sternberg are included in Lippe.
Feud of Evenstein (fight of succession) between the Dukes of
Braunschweig-Lüneburg and Lippe.
The Grafschaft (county) Sternberg is pawned to Lippe by the Earls of Schaumburg.
In the Feud of Evenstein the monastery Falkenhagen is completely destroyed
by soldiers of Brunswick.
The palace of Sternberg burns down.
The order of the Kreuzbrüder (cross brothers) takes over the monastery
Feud of Soest between the Archbishop of Cologne (Erzstift) under leadership
of Wilhelm von Sachsen on one side and the Dukes of Kleve on the other side.
The city of Soest wished to be independent from the Archbishop of Cologne
and made a special contract with the Duke of Kleve. Cologne loses Soest to
Half of the town of Lippe/Lippstadt is sold to the Dukes of Kleve. Common
possession of Lippe and of Kleve.
During the Feud of Soest, the Archbishop of Cologne has the castle and town
of Detmold destroyed by Bohemian mercenaries; the town of Lemgo is
burnt down and is plundered out. Likewise Ritteruflen, Dorfuflen and Salzuflen,
that formed the future town of Salzuflen. Village and palace of Brake are
set on fire and burn down. The same happens to the town and the palace of
Blomberg on the 14.06.1447.
The Archbishop of Cologne and Bohemian mercenaries besiege vainly the town
Bernhard VII. confirms Blomberg's status of a town.
Fire in Barntrup.
Bernhard VII. rebuilds the palace of Detmold, after is was burnt down by
Bohemian mercenaries in 1447.
Bernhard VII. rebuilds the palace of Blomberg, and founds a new monastery
for the ecclesiastics of Möllenbeck because of the intercession of his
brother, the Bishop of Paderborn. The monastery is closed after the Reformation
Bernhard VII. invests Salzuflen the status of a town.
The castle of Detmold is the residence of the sovereigns of Lippe.
In Germany there begins Martin Luther's Reformation by his placard of the
95 thesis "about the power of the indulgence" at the Palace-church in Wittenberg
on the 31.10.1517.
Lemgo receives a secondary (grammar) school.
First Reichstag in Speyer. The decision about the confession of their subjects
is matter of the sovereigns or rulers.
The Reformation begins in the town of Lemgo.
The Edelherren zur Lippe are elevated to the rank of Reichsgrafen (Earls
of the Empire). Lippe becomes a Grafschaft (county). Ruler is Simon V.
Salzuflen becomes Lutheran.
The creation of the Ämter Barntrup, Blomberg, Brake, Detmold, Horn,
Sternberg and Varenholz is completed.
Fire in Barntrup.
The total of Lippe becomes Lutheran.
Johannes Calvin founds the Reformed Church in Genf, also called Calvinistic
Conflagration in the town of Detmold, half of the town burns down.
First part of the council of Trient. Firmness of the Catholic doctrine against
the Protestantism. Start of the Catholic Gegenreformation.
Second part of the council of Trient.
Simon VI. takes over the regency. The library of Simon VI. is the basis
of the present Landesbibliothek (main country library). He is the founder
of the first public Latin School.
Third part of the council of Trient. Passed the creed of Trient.
In the town of Lemgo the witch-hunting period begins.
The castle Brake near Lemgo becomes residence palace of the Grafschaft Lippe.
Construction of the palace of Barntrup
Dispute between the Archbishop Diederich of Paderborn and Earl Simon VI.
about the monastery Falkenhagen. Half of the monastery is ceded to Paderborn.
Simon VI. rebuilds the palace of Brake.
Proclamation of the new Hofgerichtsordnung by Simon VI..
Simon VI. builds the palace of Varenholz.
Dispute between the ruler of Lippe and the city of Lemgo about the Lutheran
confession, known as the "Revolt of Lemgo".
Lippe becomes Calvinistic (Reformed).
Prince-Bishop Theodor of Paderborn gives away to the Jesuits the half of
the monastery Falkenhagen that is in possession of Paderborn.
Castle and Amt Blomberg become Paragialbesitz (compensation with real estate)
of the separated Lippe-Brake line, the same applies to the Amt Brake.
Based on the last will of Earl Simon VI., the Amt Alverdissen fell to the
Lippe-Alverdissen line as Paragialamt (compensation with real estate), later
The Amt Lipperode falls to the Lippe-Alverdissen line, later to Schaumburg-Lippe.
The city of Detmold is seat of the government of Lippe.
The Amt Barntrup becomes Paragialamt (compensation with real estate) .
The zur Lippe line is divided in the sidelines
founded by division of inheritance. The line inherits Lippe-Brake's property
in 1709. In 1905 the Lippe-Biesterfeld line inherits Lippe-Detmold's property.
founded by division of inheritance. In 1709 the Lippe-Detmold line inherits
founded by division of inheritance with rule over the Herrschaft Sternberg
with the Amt Lipperode. Later the line receives a part of Schaumburg and
resides in Bückeburg and is called Schaumburg-Lippe. The line heirs
Blomberg and Schieder from the Lippe-Brake line.
The line separates from the Lippe-Detmold line in 1627. Lippe-Biesterfeld
has no territorial sovereignty, but holds Schwalenberg and Weißenfeld.
The line inherits Lippe-Detmold's property in 1905.
Agreement between the Grafschaft (county) Lippe and the town of Lemgo upon
the town of Lemgo remaining Lutheran. This agreement came about by the mediation
of Dietrich von Fürstenberg (1585-1618), bishop of Paderborn, who sent
by request of the lippische Landstände 5 envoys to Lemgo. The conclusion
of peace was made on the 21.08.1617 and ended with the city of Lemgo's victory.
30-Years-War caused by confessional and political contrasts.
The Amt Schieder becomes Paragialamt (compensation with real estate) of the
Pestilence epidemic in Lippe.
The first chronicle of Lippe by Johannes Piderit is printed.
Conflagration in Salzuflen, 1/4 of the town burns down.
Fire in Barntrup, also the church burns down.
Pestilence epidemic in Lippe.
Dispute with the Prince Bishopric (Hochstift) of Paderborn about the Amt
Sternberg after the Schaumburg line becomes extinct in 1640.
Foundation of the church in Niederwüsten.
End of 30-Years-War with Westfalian Peace in Münster with France and
in Osnabrück with Sweden.
Year of birth of Engelbert Kämpfer.
Decree concerning the Einlieger, Hoppenplöcker and Kleinkötter.
In the Senne the village Haustenbeck is founded by settlers from Berlebeck.
Münster's occupation in Lippe under leadership of Berend von Galen,
Bishop of Münster. The entire Neustadt (new town) of Lemgo is destroyed.
The town of Lippe/Lippstadt burns down.
The Meinberger Gesundbrunnen is first mentioned, basis of the foundation
of the spa.
Earl Friedrich Adolf zur Lippe is elected as director of the Westfalian council
The Earls of Lippe build a summer residence in Schieder.
The Lippe-Brake line become extinct. The Earls of Schaumburg-Lippe receive
the Ämter Blomberg and Schieder
as Paragialbesitz (compensation with real estate).
The monastery St. Marien in Lemgo becomes religious establishment with an
abbess out of the House zur Lippe.
On the 27.10.1720, the Earls of Lippe (Simon Heinrich Adolf zu Lippe-Detmold)
are elevated to the rank of Reichsfürsten (Princes of the Empire).
Lippe becomes County, however, the designation Fürstentum (county) Lippe
is used officially only after 1789.
The half of the monastery Falkenhagen that is in possession of Lippe is sold
to the Jesuits.
The Amt Schötmar is formed by separation of the Vogtei Schötmar
out of the Amt Detmold.
The Amt Sternberg is pawned to Hannover by Lippe.
Decree about the traveling workers to Holland and Friesland. (Itinerant
The Lippe-Weißenfeld line separates from the Lippe-Biesterfeld line.
The Amt Oerlinghausen is formed by separation of the Vogtei Oerlinghausen
out of the Amt Detmold.
Blomberg receives a magistrate's constitution.
The Amt Blomberg becomes Paragialamt (compensation with real estate) of the
The Amt Brake finally falls to the Lippe-Detmold line.
The Amt Lipperode falls back to the Lippe-Detmold line.
French soldiers besiege the town of Horn on the 14.08.1761; siege of the
town of Lippe/Lippstadt.
In Salzuflen there burn down the church, the rectory, the school and 6 further
End of the Seven-Years-War with the Peace of Hubertusburg between Austria,
Saxony and Prussia.
The Lippe-Detmold line purchases the Herrschaft Lippe-Biesterfeld and
First service in the new built church in Salzuflen.
Salzuflen sells the salt mine to the sovereign of Lippe.
Meinberg becomes a spa. Earl Simon August founds the state spa Meinberg.
The Amt Sternberg falls back from Hannover to Lippe-Detmold.
Earl Simon August formally takes possession of the monastery Falkenhagen.
A legal contest starts with the Hochstift Paderborn.
Earl Simon August founds the relief insurance for needy subjects.
First census in Lippe. Lippe has 49 416 inhabitants.
After the death of Earl Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst zu Schaumburg-Lippe on the
10.09.1777 begins a dispute of succession of the Amt Blomberg.
Foundation of the village Augustdorf in the Senne. The name remembers to
Simon August zur Lippe.
The Amt Sternberg falls back from Hannover to Lippe.
Foundation of the pawn bank. Subjects, who can bring the necessary securities,
can lend 20 till 500 Reichstaler to 5 % rate of interest.
End of the dispute with the Prince Bishopric (Hochstift) of Paderborn about
the Amt Sternberg after the Schaumburg line became extinct in 1640.
Lippe has 61.762 inhabitants.
Reign of Prince Leopold I. zur Lippe.
Official designation Fürstentum Lippe (Principality Lippe).
Lippe-Detmold purchases the Amt Schieder formally back. The dispute of succession
about the Amt Blomberg is terminated.
Conflagration in Hagen (Lage).
Pauline Princess zu Lippe-Detmold takes over regency for her young son.
The Amt Lage is formed by separating of the Vogteien Lage and Heiden out
of the Amt Detmold.
Lippe becomes member of the Confederation of the Rhine. It was created under
Napoleon's protectorate in 1806. The Princes of south and west Germany become
member of this confederation, but not Prussia, Austria, Brunswick and Kurhessen.
Later Saxony also become member.
Cancellation of serfdom in Prussia.
The Amt Schwalenberg is exclusive property of Lippe.
Cancellation of serfdom on 27.12.1808, law becomes valid on 01.01.1809.
Lippe takes part in Napoleon's Spanish campaign.
Lippe-Detmold purchases the Amt Alverdissen back.
The former Ämter Sternberg and Barntrup form the new Amt Sternberg-Barntrup.
Lippe takes part in Napoleon's Russian campaign. 4/5 of the soldiers of Lippe
lost their lives.
Wars of Independence. Napoleon defeated Prussia, Austria and Russia in the
battle of Leipzig in 1813.
The Principality of Lippe becomes a member of the German Confederation (Deutscher
Bund), created by the congress of Vienna under the leadership of Austria.
Members are 39 single independent states, under them 4 Free Cities.
Dispute with Schaumburg-Lippe about the Amt Blomberg.
Lippe has 93 800 inhabitants.
The German Zollverein (custom union) is founded under Prussian leadership.
Almost all German states become members bit by bit, but not Austria.
Foundation of the Lippische Landesmuseum (Country or land museum of Lippe),
one of the first museums in the Westfalian area.
Lippe has 98.428 inhabitants.
Lippe receives the first landständische constitution.
The Schaumburg-Lippe claims for castle and Amt Blomberg are rejected by decree.
Lippe gets the Amt Blomberg back.
Laying of the foundation stone of the Hermannsdenkmal (Hermann's monument)
on the Grotenberg (Groten mountain) that reminds of the battle in the Teutoburg
forest in the year 9 AC.
Lippe receives a Landgemeinde- and Amtsgemeindeordnung (law for the rural
communities and for the Ämter).
Lage receives the status of a town.
Lippe receives a Städteordnung (law for cities).
The post of Thurn and Taxis takes over the distribution of letters and so
on in Lippe.
Land decree concerning the emigration to America from 24.03.1846.
A Catholic parish is founded in the town of Lemgo.
Large conflagration in Brakelsiek. 35 houses burn down.
Year of birth of Karl Junker.
Replacement of the compulsory services, tenth parts, tax of grain and cattle.
The Amt Hohenhausen is formed by separation of the Vogtei Hohenhausen out
of the Amt Varenholz.
The Catholics in all of Lippe receive the right to found their own parishes
and build their own churches.
More than 7 300 itinerant workers from Lippe stay abroad as brick workers.
Conflagration in Barntrup.
Conflagration in Horn on the 07.05.1864, 54 houses burn down.
The Principality Lippe becomes member of the North German Confederation
(Norddeutscher Bund), that is under the leadership of Prussia.
In the war between Austria and Prussia, Lippe takes side with Prussia. The
Schützenbataillon of Lippe fights in the battle near Kissingen on the
Lippe gives up its own military sovereignty. The Prussian Infantry Regiment
No 55 takes the place of the Füselier-Batailion of Lippe.
Prussia takes over the postal service in Lippe.
Telegraph offices start to operate in different towns of Lippe.
German-French-War. The regiment no 55 fights in the battle near Colmbey on
Union of the South German Confederation (Süddeutscher Bund) and North
German Confederation (Norddeutscher Bund). Foundation of the German Empire
as a federal state with the King of Prussia as Emperor, the Bundesrat as
representation of the Princes and the Free Cities, and the Reichstag.
Inauguration of the Hermann's monument.
Conflagration in Barntrup.
The Ämter are dissolved. Separation of justice and administration. The
functions are transferred to the Verwaltungsämter and the local courts.
Year of birth of Heinrich Drake, later state president (land president) of
The Lippe-Detmold line becomes extinct.
Ten-Years dispute of succession.
Adolf Prince zu Schaumburg-Lippe is ruler.
Lippe has 47 postal locations.
More than 14 500 itinerant workers from Lippe stay abroad as brick workers.
Ernst Earl zu Lippe-Biesterfeld is ruler.
Conflagration in Lemgo on the 14.09.1898; 15 houses burn down.
The city of Lemgo has 8.840 inhabitants.
Conflagration in Schlangen. Within 30 minutes 86 houses burn down.
Leopold IV. von Lippe-Biesterfeld (zur Lippe) finally takes over regency
in Lippe. The dispute of succession is terminated.
In Lippe, there is 1 teacher for every 100 students.
In Salzuflen the Leopold spring is drilled.
1 900-Year celebration of the battle in the Teutoburg forest.
The government of Lippe changes the name Salzuflen to Bad Salzuflen.
World War I.
Retirement of the last ruling Prince of Lippe, Prince Leopold IV., on 12.11.1918.
First election by proportional representation. Before, the three-class electoral
Freistaat (republic, free state) Lippe (-Detmold). Capital is Detmold.
The last mail-coach is driven from Hohenhausen to Lemgo. New postal motor
bus service lines make the country accessible.
Oerlinghausen receives the status of a town.
There is 1 teacher for every 41 students in Lippe.
Lippe has 178 800 inhabitants.
The counties Lemgo and Detmold are formed..
Meinberg becomes state spa of Lippe.
The village Haustenbeck in the Senne is dissolved, the inhabitants are resettled.
The village becomes part of the military training area Senne.
World War II.
Based on the decree no 77 of the British Military Government Lippe becomes
part of the federal state Northrhine-Westfalia. The coat of arms of Lippe
- the rose of Lippe - subsequently becomes a component of the coat of arms
of Northrhine-Westfalia, besides the river Rhine and the Westfalian horse.
Relocation of the district government (Bezirksregierung) from Minden to Detmold
and unification with the government of Lippe to the new formed district
government Detmold (Regierungspräsident Detmold).
Law about the union of the Land Lippe with the Land Northrhine-Westphalia
from 05.11.1948. Law about the Landesverband Lippe from 05.11.1948.
Creation of the Landesverbandes Lippe as corporation under public law with
function of administrating the assets of the former Freistaat Lippe.
Statute of the Landesverband Lippe from 04.01.1952.
Territorial reform in Lippe. 158 communities and towns are combined in 16
large communities and cities.
The two counties in the area of Lippe - Lemgo and Detmold - are joined to
form the current county Lippe.
Lippe has approximately 300 000 inhabitants (1994: 356 000, 1996: 370
See also "Lippe in seiner
800-jährigen Geschichte" on the web site of the
Bachler, Lippe Anno dazumal, Bd. 1., Lemgo 1984
Kurzübersicht über die Bestaende des
Nordrhein-Westfaelischen Staatsarchives Detmold und des Personenstandsarchivs
Westfalen-Lippe, Detmold 1994
Köbler, Gerhard: Historisches Lexikon der deutschen
Länder, München 1989
Gemmeke, Anton: Geschichte der katholischen Pfarreien in Lippe,
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